Chinese AK 47, Chinese AK

Chinese AK: 7 Variants and What Makes Them All Different

This is an exclamation we hear quite often regarding products that have been imported from China. For decades U.S. companies have commissioned Chinese manufacturers to produce products, for a fraction of the cost, rather than produce them domestically. While a lot of these cheaply-produced goods are garbage, not everything that comes from the Far East is.  Let’s talk about the Chinese AK.

It’s no secret that Apple produces most of their electronic devices in China. The iPhone has been the most popular smartphone for almost a decade, and aside from the opinions of several Android snobs, the iPhone does not even remotely suck. So is it possible that China produces some great products? Absolutely! Just look at their amazing AK platform guns, which some consider to be the best imported AKs (even over Russian models). 

So what makes the Chinese AK so great?

Attention to detail. They did not follow the eastern-European standards for Kalashnikovs. Chinese AKs used a 1.5 mm-thick sheet metal receiver as opposed to the 1.0 mm that is used in Europe. Right off the bat, this gives you a sturdier base — it makes the heart of your rifle tougher and more accurate.  

Chinese AKs also came with much thicker barrels than most imported AKs. The barrels were pressed a lot tighter into the trunnions or milled receivers than any other AK out there. Having that super-tight fit and a thicker barrel, without a doubt, is one of the reasons the guns are so accurate. Their actions are smooth and their triggers are fantastic. Chinese AKs make a lot of other Kalashnikov-style guns look like and feel like pieces of shit.  

The first Chinese AK was called the Type 56 assault rifle. It was created in 1956 and is still in service today. A rough estimate of 10-15 million of these were produced. Countless numbers were exported to countries all over the world, including many African, Middle Eastern and Southeast Asian nations. These guns, unfortunately, were the ones primarily used by the Viet Cong during the Vietnam War. They ended up having a stigma for Vietnam War veterans that continues to this day.    

Although a lot of the imported Chinese guns might look similar, their quality is a completely different story. Some might call the Polytech Legend the finest AK-platform gun that was ever imported to the States, while the B-West is a “hit or miss” purchase. All Chinese AKs are collectable, but not all are as valuable as others. Here are some of the companies who have exported or imported Chinese AKs into the United States, along with some info about their models: 

Poly Technologies (Poly Tech)

  • These had the finest quality parts that were meticulously built into guns and brought into the States — the Holy Grail of Chinese AKs:
  • The most collectable of all the Chinese AKs. 
  • $2200-$5000 price range based on 2016 prices. Each day that passes the prices just increase. 
  • Imported from 1988-1989.
Poly Tech Models
  • Legend- Milled receiver. They also had a national match that featured longer hand-selected and air-gauged barrels.
  • AKS-762-stamped receiver (7.62×39 mm).
  • AKS-223-stamped receiver (.223 Rem 5.56×45 mm).


  • They brought in more guns and more models than any other company.
  • The Mak 90 is the most common Norinco AK. They came in multiple calibers. A milled receiver and two different style stamped receivers were available.  
  • “Angle Cut” and “Straight Cut” describes how the rear of the stamped receivers were cut. The straight cut is the more desired of the two, because it can be retrofitted to more standard AK accessories. 
  • They had thumb-hole stocks, non-threaded barrels, and bayonet lugs removed.
  • Some had bi-pods attached and longer barrels similar to the RPK-style Russian guns.
  • Type 86S Bullpup-style gun. 
  • Standard AK parts, like the bolt and bolt carrier, can interchange with this platform.
  • NDM86; a Dragunov clone in 7.62x51mm (308).
  • Some had issues with firing pins often piercing primers.
  • Norinco also had the responsibility of importing for many smaller importers listed below. Many firearms that were imported could have multiple importers’ names engraved onto the receiver.

The following are importers that are “notable mentions,” but were not heavy hitters like Norinco or Poly Tech. Some have pasts that are unknown or somewhat shady. 

Clayco Sports

  • These had warning instructions stamped into the top cover.
  • Imported during ‘83-’84.
  • Came with synthetic black stocks, not wood.
  • Had blued bolt carrier.
  • Open front sight (as opposed to the covered on all other Chinese AKs).


  • U.S.-manufactured ones had non-heat-treated guide rails and axis pin holes, which caused malfunctions after moderate use.
  • You want to find a B-West imported as opposed to a B-West manufactured.
  • Serial numbers that started with BWA, BWB, BWC or BWD are the ones you want.
  • Serial numbers that started with 989 or 999 were the bad ones. They are still collectable, but were not heat treated correctly.  

G.S.A.D. (Golden State Arms Distribution)

  • Thought to be imported before or around the same time as Clayco Sports guns.
  • No import/export markings on the gun.
  • Most of these were purchased by the film industry for use in movies.
  • Came in fixed-stock and underfolder models.


  • Based out of California, it was an import company owned by the People’s Liberation Army of China.
  • Earlier models were imported by GCA (“GCA” can be found stamped on the front trunnion). Later models were imported by Norinco.
  • Unknown quantity or dates of importation. 

CJA, Armco

  • Both companies were shut down due to legal issues.
  • Unknown quantity of imports.

The only negative about the Chinese AK is that it can be difficult to find replacement parts for it. Good old Bill “Saxophone” Clinton signed some parchment that made it so that we cannot get imported Chinese AKs or AK-47 parts anymore. So, if you accidently lose the bolt of your gun, there is a good chance you will have to scour the earth to find one. And if you do find one, it requires you to take it to a very expensive, skilled AK builder to get it head-spaced to your gun.

Chinese AK Accessories

IMO, the Chinese AK mags are the best steel mags period! The spine of the magazine was smooth as opposed to having a knife-like ridge that went all the way down.  The smoothness allows it to flow in and out of the kit with ease. The Chinese also make the best AK drum magazines. Their design allows you to pop open the back and throw in rounds as quickly as you can. 


If you purchase a non-7.62×39 Chinese gun, be prepared to look through hell and high water to find magazines and replacement parts, and expect to pay a premium once you do. It will still be difficult to find replacement parts for a 7.62×39 gun, but this is still  infinitely easier than finding them for a .223 or 7.62×51 Chinese gun.

Final Thoughts on the Chinese AK

If you’ve gotten crappy products from China, it’s because the company that had them made does not care about you or your customer satisfaction. It’s not because the Chinese are incapable of producing high-quality products. The Polytech AKs are a testament to that. So, if you are smart, start searching those small-town gun shows and maybe you will find a gem of a Chinese AK hidden in the “Chinese Junk/Commie Shit” pile. Or maybe, like me, you are praying that our new President will open up the gates so that we can get more awesome guns from China again. One can only hope — BC

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  • Not much mentioned about bgg the 5 variants in the 84 series js.


    • Dan, I am looking at the a Norincoo Ak, infired with all the goodies in mint condition. Can I get your thought on pricing? Asking price is 3800

      • Yes on the underdogs stock as well. Box, bayonet, sling and original paperwork.of course mags lol


  • Chinese receivers, barrels and other metal parts were thicker because Chinese steel of the era was inferior to Eastern European steel. This made following Russian blueprints impossible. The design was beefed up to accommodate for the available material and the result was a fine AK. The thicker parts are in no way an improvement however. This information can be varified independently by simply hardness testing the steel of your Chinese AK and Soviet/European parts from the same era.

    • Robert, the Chinese AKs actually used better steel than the original Soviet ones, but they just preferred the thicker steel receiver. This was because the stamped type 56 is actually a hybrid between AK47 and RPK, and it had little to do with the AKM — it used RPK’s rivet pattern with the same receiver thickness, just without the bulge, while retaining the old AK47 gas system without the hammer retarder.

    • The sino-soviet split began in the early 1960s, and the Soviets had just adopted the AKM in 1959, several years before they could export this then-confidential advanced design. China had never received any blueprints or tooling to build the AKM, not even any samples, and even the type 56-1 AKS-47 under folder was reverse-engineered and was not in production until 1963. Their first samples of AKM and RPK were acquired from Albania after they left the Warsaw pact. As a result, Albania had never built their own AKM, but type 56s with Chinese tooling.

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